Will Fabio join the tropical party in the Pacific? And Who could see 124 degree heat?
Tuesday July 10th, 2012
The Eastern Pacific is acting up and the National Hurricane Center is tracking two named storms, Daniel and Emilia. The satellite image below is of Hurricane Emilia photographed on Sunday.
“NASA’s Terra satellite captured this visible image of Emilia when it was a tropical storm off the western coast of Mexico on July 8, 2012 at 1745 UTC 1:45 p.m. EDT.
Credit: NASA MODIS Rapid Response Team”
Tropical Storm Daniel
“TRMM’s Precipitation Radar (PR) data show a 3-D view of Daniel (looking from the west). This view shows that very little rainfall was present in the western side. This image also shows that most of Daniels structure was at lower levels. A few of the most powerful storms in the eastern side of Daniel’s eye wall reached to heights of about 11km (~6.8 miles).
Credit: SSAI/NASA, Hal Pierce”
Active Eastern Pacific
Daniel and Emilia, seen below, continue to churn westward. The latest forecast from the National Hurricane Center has remnants from Daniel sliding just south of Hawaii by the weekend.
Note the orange hatched circle below, that is a cluster of thunderstorms that has a medium chance of becoming our next named storm. If it does grow into Tropical Storm strength, Fabio its name!
1. CLOUDINESS AND SHOWERS ASSOCIATED WITH A BROAD LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM LOCATED SEVERAL HUNDRED MILES SOUTH OF ACAPULCO MEXICO HAVE CHANGED LITTLE IN ORGANIZATION OVER THE PAST SEVERAL HOURS. CONDITIONS APPEAR CONDUCIVE FOR SLOW DEVELOPMENT OF THIS DISTURBANCE OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS AS IT MOVES WEST-NORTHWESTWARD NEAR 10 MPH. THIS SYSTEM HAS A MEDIUM CHANCE…40 PERCENT…OF BECOMING A TROPICAL CYCLONE DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS.
Significant June Events
“Climate Highlights — June
The average temperature for the contiguous U.S. during June was 71.2°F, which is 2.0°F above the 20th century average. The June temperatures contributed to a record-warm first half of the year and the warmest 12-month period the nation has experienced since recordkeeping began in 1895. Scorching temperatures during the second half of the month led many cities to set all-time temperature records.
Precipitation totals across the country were mixed during June. The nation, as a whole, experienced its tenth driest June on record, with a nationally-averaged precipitation total of 2.27 inches, 0.62 inch below average. Record and near-record dry conditions were present across the Intermountain West, while Tropical Storm Debby dropped record precipitation across Florida.”
Year to Date Climate Stats
“Climate Highlights — Year-to-Date (January-June)
The January-June period was the warmest first half of any year on record for the contiguous United States. The national temperature of 52.9°F was 4.5°F above average. Most of the contiguous U.S. was record and near-record warm for the six-month period, except the Pacific Northwest. Twenty-eight states east of the Rockies were record warm and an additional 15 states were top ten warm.
The first six months of 2012 were also drier than average for much of the contiguous U.S., with a nationally-averaged precipitation total 1.62 inches below average. Drier-than-average conditions stretched from the West, through the Central Plains, into the Ohio Valley and Mid-Atlantic. Fourteen states in total had precipitation totals for the six-month period among their ten driest.”
12 Month Period Climate Highlights
“Climate Highlights — 12-month period (July 2011-June 2012)
The July 2011-June 2012 period was the warmest 12-month period of any 12-months on record for the contiguous U.S., narrowly surpassing the record broken last month for the June 2011-May 2012 period by 0.05°F. The nationally-averaged temperature of 56.0°F was 3.2°F above the long term average. Every state across the contiguous U.S. had warmer than average temperatures for the period, except Washington, which was near normal.”
99th Anniversary of the 134F High Temp in Death Valley, CA
“Today marks the anniversary of when Death Valley, Calif. set the all-time record high for not just the United States, but also the Western Hemisphere.
Temperatures in Death Valley (at Greenland Ranch, which is now known as Furnace Creek Ranch) soared to 134 degrees on July 10, 1913.”
Death Valley National Park
“At 86 meters (282 feet) below sea level, Death Valley, California, is one of the hottest, driest places on the planet. On average, the area sees only about 5 centimeters (1.96 inches) of rain a year, and summer temperatures routinely soar above 38 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit). At night, temperatures drop considerably, and many animals in Death Valley are nocturnal as a result. Plants and animals living in this punishing environment have had to adapt to extremes of temperature and aridity.
This image is compiled from observations by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus sensor on the Landsat 7 satellite on June 11 and July 20, 2000. In this image, green indicates vegetation, which increases with altitude. The peaks of Death Valley National Park sport forests of juniper and pine. The dots of brilliant green near the right edge of the image fall outside park boundaries, and probably result from irrigation. On the floor of the valley, vegetation is sparse, yet more than 1,000 different species eke out an existence in the park, some of them sending roots many feet below ground. The varying shades of brown, beige and rust indicate bare ground; the different colors result from varying mineral compositions in the rocks and dirt. Although they appear to be pools of water, the bright blue-green patches in the scene are actually salt pans that hold only a little moisture.”
Death Valley, CA Forecast
The 7 Day forecast for a reporting station in Death Valley, CA is calling for some scorching temperatures today and tomorrow… in the 120s YIKES!!
“Earth’s deadliest flood of 2012 hit the Black Sea area of Russia on Saturday, where 300 mm (11.8″) of rain fell in less than 24 hours. The resulting flood waters swept through the town of Krymsk in the Krasnodar region early Saturday, killing at least 171 people. The heavy rains were caused by a low pressure system that tracked just north of the region. The counter-clockwise flow of air around the low brought moisture-laden air from the Black Sea northwards over the mountains bordering the Black Sea.”
Flood damage in Krymsk, Russia, from Saturday’s deadly flood. Image credit: Associated Press
Forecast Highs Today
These are the forecast high temperatures today, note the extreme heat in the Southwest.
Heavy Rain Forecast
NOAA’s HPC 5 day precipitation forecast shows considerable moisture potential from the Lower Mississippi Valley into the Ohio Valley through the weekend. The latest forecast suggests 3″ to 6″ in spots through early Sunday.
Rich gulf moisture continues to produce storms along the Gulf Coast. Cory Niblett (@PR3SIDENT_) snapped this photo of a waterspout this morning from the Fairhope Pier in Alabama.
Sunday, a microburst with 80mph westerly winds tore through an area 3 miles south of Fredericksburg injuring 7 people and causing serious damage. The injuries came inside a gym after the gym roof was blown off and a wall collapsed. Mark Elllinwood (YouTube: madusweather) has a look at some of the damage. Thank you for sharing with us. And you can read more about the storm and see more photos in his blog. Madusweather.com
What is a Microburst?
The National Weather Service defines a microburst as a downdraft (sinking air) in a thunderstorm that is less than 2.5 miles in scale. Although microbursts are not as widely recognized as tornadoes, they can cause comparable, and in some cases, worse damage than some tornadoes produce. In fact, wind speeds as high as 150 mph are possible in extreme microburst cases. The National Weather Service in Amarillo, Texas shared a great explanation after a microburst in that area last summer. Click here to read more.
Bay Scroggins took this awesome halo photo in Key Biscane, FL today. Halos can be seen when cirrus clouds composed of ice crystals form 3-6 miles up in the troposphere and are angled in such a way to reflect and refract light in a circle around the Sun. Halos can happen around the Sun or the Moon, and they make for spectacular photos.
Thanks for checking in on this Tuesday, have a great rest of your week!
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