All Weather News

Cuba Sets All-Time Hottest Temperature Record

A Single Index for Measuring Extremes - U.S. Climate Extremes Index
14 Apr 2020, 2:44 am

Over the weekend, the island nation of Cuba set its hottest all-time temperature on record, according to the nation’s official meteorological agency.

On Saturday, temperatures spiked to 102.7 degrees Fahrenheit (39.3 degrees Celsius) in the town of Veguitas, Cuba, setting a new all-time temperature record for the island nation. The city of Jucarito also got up to 102.6 degrees Fahrenheit (39.2 degrees Celsius), which would have also broken the country’s old temperature record.

The tweet below is from Elier Pila Fariñas, a senior meteorologist at Cuba’s official meteorological agency, the Instituto de Meteorologia de Cuba (INSMET).

Cuba’s previous all-time temperature record was set just last June, when it got up to 102.4 degrees Fahrenheit (39.1 degrees Celsius).

Several other all-time station records were broken on Thursday, Friday and Saturday of last week as well. The INSMET office in Camagüey (Cuba’s third-largest city) posted several other provincial and station records that were set last week.

In several cases, the previous provincial or station records were obliterated, with more than a degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) separating the new and old records.

Warm, southerly flow has kept temperatures extremely warm across the Caribbean for several days. But late last week and over the weekend, light winds kicked in as well. In Cuba, like Florida, sea breezes often lead to daily shower and thunderstorm chances. When there’s an absence in wind, cloud cover often dissipates, leading to heat waves and drought.

Also, strong high pressure over the Caribbean – perhaps inversely linked to the unusually strong low pressure over the United States and this weekend’s major storm system there – suppressed air and further spiked temperatures.

The final factor in this weekend’s extraordinary warmth in Cuba: more than 90 percent of Cuba is experiencing drought, which undoubtedly played a role in last week’s extreme warmth. The map below, from INSMET, shows the wide scope of drought across Cuba. The worst of the drought conditions are in the western and eastern tips of the island nation.

“The shortage of rain over the last few days has favored the notable rise in temperatures,” said (translated from Spanish) Miriam Teresita Llanes Monteagudo, INSMET’s head told Cuban news site Cubadebate.

Temperatures are expected to remain above average over the next few days, according to INSMET. Temperatures are also extremely hot in the southeastern United States – several daily records were broken in Florida on Monday – and the two heat waves are directly linked to one another.

About the author
Chris doesn't remember a time when that he didn't love the weather. When he was five years old, he wrote his first words, "Partly cloudy", in Ms. Benn's kindergarten class. According to Chris, it's been a love affair ever since, from teaching himself how to read forecast models at age 12, to landing at WeatherNation. Growing up in Greenwich, Connecticut, he started to go after his lifelong drea... Load Morem of becoming a meteorologist by predicting whether or not there would be snow days - turning him into Greenwich High School's "defacto weatherman". He turned that snow day-predicting website into a front page story a local newspaper, which in turn earned him a look at WABC-TV in New York, where Chris did the weather live on-air at the age of 16. He attended Boston University, where he continued being a "weather nerd", performing weather updates on the campus radio and TV stations, and doing the daily forecasts for the student newspaper. Following his studies at BU, Chris worked at Mile High Sports and ESPN Denver for four years while pursuing his certification in Broadcast Meteorology from Mississippi State University. Chris is a huge sports fan, rooting for the Rockies, Nuggets, Broncos, Avalanche and UConn. He frequently find links between sports and weather, including an investigative analysis he did in 2013, finding trends between Peyton Manning's play and game time temperature (he doesn't like the cold). Chris also enjoys running, playing any sport, socializing and periodically overeating at all-you-can-eat buffets.